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  • Returning to the Workplace With COVID-19 All Around – Fall 2021

  • Returning to the Workplace With COVID-19 All Around – Fall 2021

    联合部队已在以下网站建立了一个成员信息中心 wordsfromthecrucible.com/COVID19 and encourages members to check the site regularly for updates.

    对于一些, 疫情意味着失业或在家工作好几个月, 对另一些人来说,这一流行病是每天都要面对和不断与之斗争的危险.  As vaccination rates increase and workplaces continue to reopen, there are more and more 工人 returning to the workplace. As we face the prospect of further COVID-19 variants, 感染的潜在激增以及与工作场所健康和安全措施有关的政府命令, 让我们来看看2021年秋天健康安全的工作场所会是什么样子.

    At this point in time, so much more is known about the COVID-19 virus, than in the early days of the lockdowns in 2020. 在那个时候, 像今天, 我们作为贵工会提倡“预防原则”,并将继续在任何实际或感知的风险没有得到适当评估或控制的情况下谨慎行事. 

    At every workplace, employers have a responsibility to maintain the health and safety of employees while operating a viable business venture; 工人 have to protect their personal health and safety as well as that of their families at home.

    记得……

    “Nothing is more important than your health and safety.“为了安全回家,你必须在每天工作时牢记这一点. Everything else is secondary.

    雇主有责任和法律义务在情况下采取一切合理的措施保护你免受工作场所的危险, 包括接触已知的导致COVID-19疾病的病毒和变种. 工人有义务遵守程序,穿戴发给他们的设备, 还有义务将任何健康和安全问题通知雇主.   

    基本的工作场所安全规则和责任没有改变,预计内部责任制度仍将在所有工作场所的健康和安全问题方面发挥作用. 作为工人,你仍然拥有一直以来的工作场所权利,包括:

    • the right to know about hazards,
    • participate in workplace safety and
    • 如果你认为你正在受到威胁,有权拒绝不安全的工作.

    雇主们将制定一份复工计划,其中包括所有行业为应对COVID-19大流行而吸取和确立的原则和做法. This must be done in consultation with your workplace’s JH&SC(联合健康和安全委员会)和在地方公共卫生准则内的工会领导. Each workplace is different and there is not a “one size fits all plan,” but the following basic key elements are essential:

    1. 雇主必须有一个返回工作的计划,其中包括在你的工作场所执行的协议和程序. These protocols have been put in place to protect you. 协议和程序可能包括COVID-19疫苗接种政策, workplace antigen testing, infection control plans, cleaning protocols, and workplace training amongst many things.
    2. 您将被要求遵循感染控制项目的协议和程序,以帮助降低在工作和家庭中感染COVID-19的风险.
    3. 疫苗接种 is the key to getting control of COVID-19, which has upended the world and caused so much havoc. 然而,疫苗接种只是COVID-19工作场所安全计划的一部分. 其他因素也必须成为保护工人免受这种疾病及其影响的解决办法的一部分.
    4. 为了防止有症状的人进入工作场所,必须在工作场所建立雇员预先检查程序.
    5. Employers need to maintain a clean and sanitary facility. 你必须要求工作场所的清洁协议不因疫苗接种率的增加而被放弃.
    6. 错开上班时间可以保持社交距离,这样所有员工就不会聚集在出入口. 社会距离 of 2m should be maintained at all times if possible.
    7. 工人在工作场所应该有移动能力,而不必接触门, receptacles and other high touch areas as much as possible.
    8. 在无法保持社交距离或共用公共表面的情况下,必须在所有工作场所提供医用级口罩和其他个人防护装备.
    9. Despite many government agencies not accepting the science, 许多专家认为(正如我们一直坚持的那样),导致COVID-19的病毒可以通过空气传播. 维护和检查暖通空调系统以提供最大限度的保护是极其重要的, through increased air exchanges and maximized filtration.
    10. In settings where the virus is present or may be present, more protective N95 (or better) respirators must be made available.
    11. Everyone should understand their role in their return to work process. 明确的角色定义和对每个人的培训在不同程度上都是必要的.

    Signs and Symptoms of COVID-19

    COVID-19患者报告了多种症状,从轻微到严重. 接触病毒后2-14天可能出现症状,任何人都可能有轻微到严重的症状, 包括:

    • 发烧和发冷
    • 咳嗽
    • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
    • 乏力
    • Muscle or body aches
    • 头疼
    • New loss of taste or smell
    • 喉咙痛
    • Congestion or runny nose
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • 腹泻

    This list does not include all possible symptoms. 患有心脏或肺部疾病或糖尿病等严重基础疾病的个人似乎更有可能因COVID-19疾病出现更严重的并发症.

    Symptomatic Employee Isolation Protocol (at work)

    If, 在预先筛查方案完成后,员工在工作中感到COVID-19有症状, their leader or supervisor must be contacted immediately. 有症状的工作人员将被带到指定的隔离区进行进一步评估. 从今以后,任何与该工作人员接触的人都必须佩戴个人防护装备(PPE)。. 有症状的雇员将被送回家或直接送往保健中心,可能需要体检合格后方可返回工作.  员工接触过的所有表面都要彻底清洁和消毒.  

    If an Employee Tests Positive for COVID-19

    员工应与HR联系,HR将在员工返回工作前讨论下一步步骤和所需文件(如果有的话). 预计该员工将遵守既定的公共卫生自我隔离协议,并返回工作岗位. 受影响员工的姓名将不予公布,他们的隐私必须得到保护.  将通过沟通渠道将工作场所的COVID-19阳性病例通知同事. 与COVID-19阳性员工直接接触的密切接触者将被指导遵循既定的协议,有时在不同的司法管辖区,该协议在是否接种疫苗方面有所不同. 受影响的人在返回工作岗位前可能需要体检合格,并被指导进行自我隔离.   

    Collective Efforts to Prevent Spread and Avoid Infection

    疫苗接种 有效保护自己免受COVID-19严重影响的最好方法是什么.  Even as vaccination rates continue to climb, COVID-19是一种危险,仍然可能通过受感染的患者进入你的工作场所, 工人, visitors and customers. 不是每个人都能接种疫苗,疫苗的保护也不能无限期地持续下去. Variants of concern may also affect infection rates and outcomes. 一些接种过疫苗或以前感染过的人可能会再次感染,并能够传播病毒. 接种疫苗或之前的感染肯定不能防止再次接触病毒. 所有其他预防措施必须保持到位,直到COVID-19大流行得到控制.

    个人卫生

    洗手是减少传染病传播最有效的方法之一. 工作人员应该接受培训,在接触公共表面后,假设自己的手被病毒和细菌污染了, as well as anything touched thereafter. 员工在进入工作场所和回家前应洗手. 在准备食物之前和之后以及在吃和喝之前也应该洗手, as well as before and after toilet use, 处理垃圾, 吹一个人的鼻子, coughing or sneezing, visiting sick people or before taking medication.

    社会距离 is effective and simple as a mechanism to prevent potential infection. 

    • Stay at least 2m from others as a normal practice.
    • Eliminate contact such as handshakes or embracing co工人.
    • Avoid high touch surfaces as much as possible.
    • Avoid anyone that appears to be sick, is coughing or sneezing.
    • 在工作场所, ensure social distancing on production lines, 自助餐厅, 会议区域, entrances and exits and offices.
    • 必须管理换班,通过聚集设置降低感染风险

    消毒

    必须采取消毒措施,对工作场所表面进行消毒, 椅子, tables and to protect employees. 消毒方案必须保持高标准的清洁. 如果在职员工被医生确诊为COVID-19阳性, a deep cleaning of their work area must be carried out.

    雇主的感染控制团队必须接受培训,并配备使用个人防护装备来处理卫生设施中使用的潜在有害化学品. 鼓励员工养成良好的个人卫生习惯,包括上厕所后要洗手, 覆盖咳嗽, maintaining social distancing, and cleaning work areas or other visited areas.

    必须给工人提供必要的物品以保持工作区域的清洁.  在轮班期间应多次鼓励工作空间的自我清洁,特别注意最常用的表面. Doors should be propped open to alleviate touching.

    Break times should be separated to allow enough time to wipe tables, 吃面, 冰箱, vending machines and microwave ovens. These areas should be cleaned often during each shift. Employees should be reminded to clean up after themselves, wash hands or use hand sanitizer before and after lunch.

    办公室

    办公桌应该重新分配或封锁,以确保员工之间的隔离. Meeting rooms should ensure that social distancing can be maintained. 远程工作(如果可能)是首选,以减少在工厂的员工数量. 每天鼓励工作空间的自我清洁,特别注意最常用的表面,如键盘, 监控, 椅子 desks and cubicle dividers.

    The Water Quality in Your Facility

    Whenever a workplace has been idled for an extended time period, 返回工作地点后,水质可能暂时不安全. 饮用水系统需要完全冲洗,以清洁供应,并冲洗任何杂质可能沉淀在管道或饮水机.

    冲洗系统还将有助于消除死水中可能滋生的有害细菌,以及消除铅等重金属,这些重金属可能从管道或焊点渗入水中. 制冰机和其他饮用水系统(咖啡机等)也是如此。.

    Aside from potable water systems, 热水系统应根据工厂的军团菌规程进行消毒, usually through thermal disinfection or biocide use. 由于明显的原因,在热消毒时必须特别注意. 最后, 建筑物维护必须确保设施的冷却塔系统保持正确的杀菌剂水平,以保持细菌控制. 请你的主管解释你的工作场所做了什么水质安全检查.

    Information Sharing

    所有员工应通过授权的外部或内部COVID-19通信或信息门户,获得与2019冠状病毒病工作状态报告有关的最新工作场所相关信息. Employees should also have contact information and be well aware of :

    • Efforts to combat COVID-19 in the workplace
    • Emergency response numbers
    • First aid response requests
    • Human 资源 Personnel
    • 羟基人员

    总之, you should feel safe in your workplace – if you don’t feel safe, then you are not safe! 如果你有任何问题,你必须联系你的主管和/或你的JH成员&SC与您分享您的担忧,为您的身心健康和幸福减轻这些担忧!

    一份得到雇主JH支持的健壮、完善的计划&在2019冠状病毒病的世界中,SC和工会领导层将对工作场所的功能转变大有帮助.

    应该从马拉松的角度来看待此次疫情, that we have been part of for well over 18 months. We are still a long way away from crossing  the COVID-19 finish line!

    Keeping ourselves healthy and safe must be our first priority. Everyone has a role to play. Know your rights and use them. There is no job that is so important that it cannot be done safely!